Basics On Robotic Surgery Houston Residents Need To Know

By Debra Butler


Robotic surgery is a form of minimally invasive surgical operation in which the surgeon is assisted by a small robot in their work. The robot has arms to which the necessary surgical instruments are attached. It is important to point out that it is not the robot that conducts the operation. Rather it is the surgeon but with a little help. There are a number of facts on robotic surgery Houston residents would find informative.

One needs to do several things as part of the preparation process before they undergo the procedure. Many of them are similar to the requirements for other operations. Such may include, for instance, the determination of platelet and hemoglobin as a means of assessing the risk of bleeding. If one is on drugs that may increase the risk of blood loss, they will be asked to stop them ten days before the day of the operation.

The first thing that is done when you get to the operating room is to receive the anesthesia. This may be regional or general depending on the medical condition. The next thing is the creation of three small incisions over your tummy. These three are used for the placement of equipment. The surgeon makes his way to a computer station from where they conduct the rest of the operation. An endoscope connected to a monitor guides them through the process.

The robotic equipment has been developed in a manner that facilitates the projection of 3-D images. This creates a scenario that is almost similar to what would be experienced if the surgeon was conducting an open surgical operation. If you are anesthetized only at the spinal level then you may witness the operation from a screen (you may need to put in a request for this). The robot transmits hand movements to the surgical instruments.

Robot assisted surgeries have been used and are still used for a wide range of conditions. These include, among others, the repair of ventral hernias, radical prostatectomy, hysterectomy, tubal ligation and reversal, reduction of cancerous growths, repair of cardiac valves and coronary artery bypass among others. The technique may not be suitable for very complicated cases where manual manipulation is a necessity.

The robotic technique has a number of advantages over both the laparoscopic and open surgical options. The robot confers greater precision in cutting and repairing compared to both of the other two options. The small size of instruments involved as well as the exposure provided by the camera enables the surgeon to operate with ease and reduces the risk of injury to adjacent structures. The likelihood of surgeon burnout is markedly reduced.

A few challenges may prevent optimal utilization of this option in handling routine surgical operations. Among them is the fact that accessibility is often a problem since most centers are yet to acquire the equipment. Related to the same, is the absence of adequately trained personnel to operate the equipment. Most experienced surgeons find it difficult to abandon the methods that they have used for many years.

As is the case with many other types of surgeries, some complications may be encountered when this technique is used. However, the risk is less than that associated with other techniques such as the open procedure and conventional laparoscopy. The most commonly encountered complications include bleeding, reactions to the anesthetic drugs used infections. The risk of these complications can be lowered even further by having adequate preparation.




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